1993 – 1997
The Northern Dongola Reach Survey (NDRS)
The Northern Dongola Reach Survey (NDRS) held a concession on the east bank of the Nile for 80km along the river and to the edge of the desert plateau a maximum of 18km from the river.
Over 450 sites were found together with clear evidence for palaeochannels of the Nile, the banks of which were densely settled during the Kerma period (c. 2500 – 1500 BC). The demise of these palaeochannels resulted in a dramatic fall in the population of the region by the 1st millennium BC.
Many cemeteries were located. Particularly numerous were those of the Neolithic period which were prominent mounds.
Kerma tumuli were in places well preserved and covered in white quartzite pebbles and fragments of black stone. Medieval box graves were almost exclusively located close to the river as were the Islamic period qubba, tombs of holy men.
of Osteoarchaeology 12, 89-106.